Length of Sentence:

Life without parole


Conviction Year:



Exoneration Date:



Causes of Wrongful Conviction:

Junk science (microscopic hair comparison), False testimony, ineffective assistance of counsel


On February 5, 1982 an US Army officer’s young son was found dead at the Schofield Army base.  The victim’s body was found in an underground bunker by an army Specialist, Thomas Spindle. Due to the fact that he discovered the victim’s body, Spindle was interviewed by US Army Investigators and provided 3 other soldiers as his alibi witnesses - Joseph Courtney, Duane Reynolds, and Clifford Hubbard. Though Clifford and Spindle were stationed at the same base, there was no evidence that Clifford knew of or ever hung out with Spindle prior to trial. The only physical evidence at the crime scene analyzed at the time, was a palm print found near the victim’s body. This palm print was identified as belonging to another soldier, Joseph Hanson, who was a good friend of Spindle’s alibi witness Joseph Courtney. When questioned by investigators, Courtney admitted to being at the scene of the crime, but told 6 different versions of what he claimed happened. During one of these stories, Courtney placed Clifford at the crime scene.


Despite any physical evidence linking either Clifford or Spindle to the crime, and relying solely on the numerous inconsistent statements of Courtney, both Clifford and Spindle were charged.  Prior to the start of trial, Courtney and Hansen both went AWOL and never appeared at trial. In spite of their absence, the Government proceeded with trial and allowed Courtney’s testimony during his Article 32 hearing to be used in Clifford and Spindle’s trial. Additionally, the Government relied on junk science – faulty hair analysis – to link Clifford and Spindle to each other, which the Government posited made it likely that they committed the crime. The Government relied on a strand of hair that an expert testified belonged to Spindle, a hair which was not found at/or near the scene of the crime, but found in Clifford’s laundry bag in their shared soldiers' barracks. The FBI now admits that hair analysis, like what was conducted in Clifford’s trial is an invalid science.


Despite not having any physical evidence connecting Clifford to the crime, nor any evidence that Clifford knew Spindle or any of the other suspects involved, Clifford was sentenced to life without parole. Clifford was an 20-year-old private in the U.S. Army when he was wrongfully convicted. He is now 57 years old and has been incarcerated for over 36 years for a crime he did not commit.


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